Hypertension, tips for measuring blood pressure. When the heart pumps blood, it presses against the walls of the blood vessels, the so-called blood pressure. This pressure is to be kept under control because, if it is too high, the chances of cardiovascular diseases increase. Here then is that the measurement of pressure becomes important to verify the values that, if higher than the norm, indicate a state of ” hypertension ” or “high blood pressure”.
In a state of rest, the ideal pressure is contained between 115-130 mmHg (maximum or systolic, ie when the heart contracts) and 75-85mmHg (minimal or diastolic, is when the heart relaxes). When there is an increase in these values, high blood pressure can be:
Asymptomatic: the patient does not perceive any disturbance
Symptomatic: the patient perceives some symptoms, such as headaches or palpitations, but can easily confuse them with those of other pathologies. It is one of the best tips for measuring blood pressure.
This is therefore always advisable to periodically perform a pressure measurement even if we feel like we are feeling well or when we have an illness whose origin is unknown. It is one of the best tips for measuring blood pressure.
The symptoms, if present, can be various and very common, therefore not specific, such as:
– feeling dizzy
– headache especially in the morning
– nervousness and fatigue
– visual disturbances
– ringing in the ears
– bleeding from the nose
– cardiac arrhythmias
The pressure is measured with the sphygmomanometer. Values are given in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Pressure meters can be:
Manuals: imply adequate knowledge to auscultate the brachial artery with the phonendoscope, a particular instrument with a metal plate that is also used to auscultate the heart.
Electronic and automatic: simpler and more intuitive to use and therefore more recommended for home use. It is necessary to place the sleeve on the arm and start the measurement. The sleeve is connected to a display on which the values of pressure and heart rate will appear.
Finally, there are wrist or finger sphygmomanometers: they are more comfortable to use but sometimes they are less precise. It is one of the best tips for measuring blood pressure.
For an accurate result, pressure must be measured:
-Regularly, preferably at the same time
-In resting condition and not after over-fatigue
-In a sitting position
-With the sleeve on the arm at heart level.
-High cholesterol is a risk condition for hypertension. In the case of very high blood pressure, it is, therefore, necessary to check the cholesterol levels in the blood and consult the doctor.
If, on the other hand, mild hypertension occurs, you can try to:
-Do physical activity
-Correct the diet, avoiding red meats, cheeses, sausages and some industrial products rich in sodium
-Avoid salt consumption
-Keep your weight under control.
-A healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet are always good allies for health.